World Report on Violence and Health (2 vols.) by World Health Organization

By World Health Organization

Violence is a massive public sickness around the globe. every year, over 1.6 million humans lose their lives to violence. Violence is one of the major reasons of dying for individuals elderly 15-44 years of age world wide, accounting for 14% of deaths between men and seven% of deaths between adult females. for everyone who dies, due to violence, many hundreds of thousands extra are injured and be afflicted by various actual, sexual, reproductive, and psychological illnesses. the realm document on violence and health and wellbeing is the 1st entire assessment of the matter of violence on a world scale - what it really is, who it impacts and what might be performed approximately it. The file makes an attempt to dispel the hopelessness that frequently accompanies any dialogue on violence. Violence is preventable - it isn't an intractable social challenge or an inevitable a part of the human . it's a multifaceted challenge with organic, mental, social, and environmental roots. there's no easy or unmarried method to the matter. Violence needs to consequently be addressed on a number of degrees and in a number of sectors of society at the same time. This document illustrates not just the human toll of violence but additionally exposes the numerous faces of interpersonal, collective, and self-directed violence. faraway from being a well-reported phenomenon that unfolds within the limelight of front-page tales, many acts of violence, because the document exhibits, are in reality hidden from public view and move unreported. The file describes the significance and influence of violence in the course of the international; examines the most important chance elements for violence; provides an account of the kinds of intervention and coverage responses which have been attempted, and summarizes what's identified approximately their effectiveness; and makes strategies for motion at neighborhood, nationwide, and overseas degrees.

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Measuring violence and its impact Types of data Different types of data are needed for different purposes, including: — describing the magnitude and impact of violence; — understanding which factors increase the risk for violent victimization and perpetration; — knowing how effective violence prevention programmes are. 1. Mortality data Data on fatalities, particularly through homicide, and on suicide and war-related deaths can provide an indication of the extent of lethal violence in a particular community or country.

When compared to statistics on other deaths, such data are useful indicators of the burden created by violence-related injuries. These data can also be used for monitoring changes over time in fatal violence, identifying groups and communities at high risk of violence, and making comparisons within and between countries. Other types of data Mortality figures, however, are only one possible type of data for describing the magnitude of the problem. Since non-fatal outcomes are much more common than fatal outcomes and because certain types of violence are not fully represented by mortality data, other types of information are 8 .

Public health officials can do much to establish national plans and policies to prevent violence, building important partnerships between sectors and ensuring a proper allocation of resources to prevention efforts. While public health leadership need not and indeed cannot direct all the actions to prevent and respond to violence, it has a significant role to play. The data at the disposal of public health and other agencies, the insights and understanding developed through scientific method, and the dedication to finding effective responses are important assets that the field of public health brings to the global response to violence.

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