By Margaret A. Simons
On the grounds that her demise in 1986 and the book of her letters and diaries in 1990, curiosity within the philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir hasn't ever been better. In this enticing and well timed quantity, Margaret A. Simons and a world workforce of philosophers current sixteen essays that show Beauvoir as one of many century's so much very important and influential thinkers. As they set Beauvoir's paintings into discussion with Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, Foucault, Levinas, and others, those essays reflect on questions comparable to Beauvoir's philosophical dating with Sartre; her ethic of the erotic; her perspectives on marriage, motherhood, and feminine friendship; and her interpretations of oppression and liberation. This publication discusses the complete variety of Beauvoir's paintings, together with the second one intercourse, her unpublished diaries, autobiographical writings, novels, and philosophical essays, and broadens the scope and interpretive context of her specific philosophy.Contributors are Nancy Bauer, Debra Bergoffen, Suzanne Laba Cataldi, Edward Fullbrook, Eva Gothlin, Sara Heinämaa, Laura Hengehold, Stacy Keltner, Michèle Le Doeuff, Ann Murphy, Shannon M. Mussett, Margaret A. Simons, Ursula Tidd, Andrea Veltman, Karen Vintges, Julie Ward, Gail Weiss.
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Additional info for The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Critical Essays (A Hypatia Book)
Ulrich Claesges. Haag: Martinus Nijhoff. ———. 1988. The crisis of European sciences and transcendental phenomenology: An introduction to phenomenological philosophy. Trans. David Carr. : Northwestern University Press. Kruks, Sonia. 1990. Situation and human existence: Freedom, subjectivity and society. New York: Routledge. ———. 1991. Simone de Beauvoir: Teaching Sartre about freedom. In Sartre alive, ed. Ronald Aronson and Adrien van Hoven. : Wayne State University Press. Le Doeuff, Michèle. 1991 .
Beauvoir emphasizes that the human condition is indefinite and ambiguous: it allows for different variations and modifications (1995a, 21). Its generality is not that of a concept or a fixed idea; it does not reside within the particulars or above them but resides in the relations between the particulars. In Force of Circumstance (La Force des choses, 1963), she states her view quite explicitly: “The dimension of human enterprise is neither finite nor infinite but indefinite: this word cannot be enclosed within any fixed limits, the best way of approaching it is to follow [divaguer sur] its possible variations” (Beauvoir 1997a, 97–98).
In The Crisis of European Sciences (Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie, 1954), Husserl gives a set of genetic phenomenological problems for future study: he refers to the problems of death and birth, the problem of the unconsciousness, and the problems of historicity and social life (their “essential forms”). And then, 21 Sara Heinämaa he states, “there is the problem of the sexes” (Husserl 1954, 192). The phenomenologist’s task is to study the meanings of these phenomena, their constitution as different kinds of realities and objectivities, that is, entities, occurrences, processes, events, facts, and so forth.