The Labour Governments, 1945–51 by Henry Pelling (auth.)

By Henry Pelling (auth.)

This ebook, by way of the writer of the best-seller 'Winston Churchill' , is a concise reassessment of the 1st postwar British Governments established upon unique assets - a job now not formerly tried through any student. whereas sympathetic to Labour's goals within the 1945 normal election crusade - which itself gets clean therapy - Henry Pelling exposes problem areas and weak spot within the Government's process and uncovers the doubts and hesitations of its leaders. a lot of the proof comes from respectable papers lately published to the general public list place of work; however the inner most papers of Attlee, Morrison, Bevin and Dalton, between others, were drawn upon so as to add info to the tale. For the 1st time, too, there's a examine of the significance of Marshall relief, in addition to of the friction that's occassioned behind-the-scenes with the Truman management and the USA Congress. hugely readable, this ebook makes an enormous contribution to contemporary heritage and to a greater figuring out of the current political and foreign situation.

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Dalton claimed some of the credit for the change of policy: This group contains a number of keen young airmen - 'a bit highly strung' as Morrison is in the habit of saying of many of our new members - and it was only vigorous intervention by Cripps and myself which got this first proposal rejected and straight-out public ownership substituted ... This lively new Government can't be bound by the tentative ideas, never carried into law, of the Coalition on its deathbed. 44 Another very active group in the early days was that for Defence and Services, which under the chairmanship of James Callaghan pressed for more rapid demobilisation - a topic on which all MPs were receiving heavy postbags from their constituents.

Attlee attends this gathering he should do so in the role of an observer only ... Labour has a foreign policy which in many respects will not be continuous with that of a Tory-dominated Coalition. Next day, Churchill wrote again to Attlee, seeking clarification, and saying: Merely to come as a mute observer would, I think, be derogatory to your position as the Leader of your party, and I should not have a right to throw this burden upon you in such circumstances. 21 But Attlee replied with much firmness, on the same day: There seems to be great public advantage in preserving and presenting to the world at this time, that unity on foreign policy which was maintained throughout the last five years.

Lawson (Secretary for War), J. Westwood (Secretary for Scotland), Isaacs, Ellen Wilkinson, Bevan, Tom Williams (Secretary for Agriculture), and Shinwell. Of these nine, five were miners. In addition, A. V. Alexander (First Lord of the Admiralty) represented the Co-operative movement in the Cabinet. In the ministry as a whole, only three completely new members of the Parliamentary Party were given office as early as August 1945, the youngest of them being Harold Wilson, who had proved himself as a civil servant at the Board of Trade during the war and now became, at the age of 29, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Works.

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