By A. Geeraert
This booklet demonstrates that the ecu Union (EU) can curtail the autonomy of FIFA and UEFA by way of development upon insights from the principal-agent version. the writer argues that ecu institutional positive factors complicate regulate, yet don't render the ecu powerless, and that FIFA and UEFA can install numerous options to mitigate control.
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Additional info for The EU in International Sports Governance: A Principal-Agent Perspective on EU Control of FIFA and UEFA
Because contracting is informal and implicit, they forgo the opportunity to install control mechanisms during the ex ante stage. 5 Complicating factor 5: Agent strategies Agents are not powerless. They can use mitigating strategies vis-à-vis control (Hawkins and Jacoby, 2006; Delreux and Kerremans, 2010; Niemann and Huigens, 2011). As such, they can decrease the principals’ incentive to control. Niemann and Huigens demonstrate that agents can achieve this through ‘manipulating’ their principal’s preferences by ‘skilfully asserting themselves’ (Niemann and Huigens, 2011, p.
Since control is exercised within multiple, dyadic PA relationships, it is nearly impossible to assess the extent to which control is exercised, certainly when the focus is not on a single instance of EU control of FIFA/UEFA. This book therefore focuses on actors and instruments of control rather than degrees of control. The beneﬁt of this focus is that it circumvents the well-known problem of observational equivalence, a problem that arises when the perceived absence of control or a conﬂict between principal and agent may (falsely) be explained as either a case of extreme agent autonomy or quasi perfect principal control (Weingast and Moran, 1983; Pollack, 2002).
E. interviews with those who decide or inﬂuence policy processes) with key ofﬁcials from EU institutions, EU member states, and sport governance (FIFA, 20 The EU in International Sports Governance UEFA, and stakeholder organisations) conducted from August 2012 to August 2015, verify with ﬁrst-hand accounts the validity of ﬁndings. The analysis focuses on the activation and mitigation of EU control of FIFA and UEFA within the period starting from the EU’s ﬁrst legal interventions in international sport in the 1970s leading up to mid 2015.