By Averil Cameron
This e-book introduces the reader to the advanced historical past, ethnicity, and identification of the Byzantines. This quantity brings Byzantium – usually misconstrued as a vanished successor to the classical international – to the leading edge of eu historyDeconstructs stereotypes surrounding ByzantiumBeautifully illustrated with photos and maps
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Additional resources for The Byzantines (The Peoples of Europe)
46 The borders of Byzantine territory had changed again. By now the Russians were also a well-established presence in Byzantine experience. 47 But the Russians had already featured in Constantine VII’s treatise on administration, and Vladimir’s grandmother Olga had already received baptism from Constantine VII. Byzantium could not ignore Russian trade and growing Russian power, and though Russian Orthodoxy developed a distinctively different flavour over the centuries, its roots were and are Byzantine.
42 In this context, hybridity denotes ‘border lives’, typically of migrants or those living as part of a diaspora. 43 These mixed cultural identities seem TBC01 15 2/8/06, 2:54 PM 16 What was Byzantium? particularly evident in the Byzantine Empire, and, in their recent collection, Héléne Ahrweiler and Angeliki Laiou, both of them senior and well-known Byzantinists of Greek origin, address the multi-ethnic quality of Byzantine civilisation, even while maintaining that ‘in order to be a full-blown and unquestioned “Roman” .
28 The shrunken fiscal base also reduced the capacity of the state to field a significant army, and Heraclius may have initiated structural changes involving partial decentralisation of army pay and recruitment in an attempt to deal with this problem; if so, however, the process took time and the Byzantine ‘theme’ system (territorial units with local commanders or strategoi with military responsibility) came into being only gradually. 29 His attempts to enforce Monotheletism by a further Typos or imperial TBC02 32 2/8/06, 2:54 PM Byzantium from Late Antiquity to 1025 33 edict resulted in the trials, exile and subsequent deaths of Pope Martin I and Maximus Confessor.