By John F. Schmutz
The conflict of the Crater is without doubt one of the lesser recognized but best battles of the Civil conflict. This e-book, detailing the onset of brutal trench war at Petersburg, Virginia, digs deeply into the army and political history of the conflict. starting via tracing the rival armies throughout the sour conflicts of the Overland crusade and culminating with the siege of Petersburg and the conflict meant to boost that siege, this ebook bargains a candid examine the conception of the crusade by means of either side.
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The conflict of the Crater is without doubt one of the lesser identified but best battles of the Civil warfare. This ebook, detailing the onset of brutal trench struggle at Petersburg, Virginia, digs deeply into the army and political historical past of the conflict. starting by means of tracing the rival armies in the course of the sour conflicts of the Overland crusade and culminating with the siege of Petersburg and the conflict meant to raise that siege, this e-book deals a candid examine the notion of the crusade by way of either side.
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Extra info for The Battle of the Crater: A Complete History
War in the Trenches 35 under the same men who had led them across the Rapidan. The corps engineer, Major James St. Clair Morton, had been killed on the 17th leading Colonel John Hartranft’s brigade against the Confederate works. ”6 A new Confederate redoubt was positioned less than one hundred yards from Burnside’s main trench line. ’”7 The Ninth Corps had entrenched in between Warren’s Fifth Corps on its left, and the Second Corps, temporarily under the command of David Birney, on the right, with their advanced position on the western slope of the ravine west of Taylor’s Creek.
Orders then went out to entrench. ”70 Once Petersburg was heavily reinforced, the Army of the Potomac had simply exchanged one stalemate for another, twice the distance from Richmond and on the far side of a major river. 71 Since the start of the campaign on May 4, a period of only six weeks, Grant’s total losses, including Butler’s, totaled over 75,000 men, a number greater than Lee and Beauregard had in their 2. Enemy at the Gates 33 combined armies at the start of the campaign. Of this total, 66,315 were from the ﬁve corps under Meade (including Smith’s, which had been assigned to him).
Clair Morton, Burnside’s engineer, had to walk out on the ﬁeld with a compass and demonstrate to Brigadier General John F. Hartranft the direction he was supposed to take. M. in front of Battery 14, a mile north of the 2. Enemy at the Gates 29 redans on the extreme Confederate right. Barlow’s division of Handcock’s Second Corps supported Willcox on the right. But the assault failed when the Rebels enﬁladed it with artillery from the redans near the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad, together with an intense barrage of musketry from the front.