Renewables for Power Generation: Status and Prospects - 2003 by Published by : OECD Publishing

By Published by : OECD Publishing

Generating electrical energy from renewable strength resources has indisputable allure, either for environmental purposes and for decreasing our dependence on fossil fuels. This booklet assesses the outlook for 6 prime renewable strength applied sciences: small hydr

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Sample text

5-MW large-scale installation in Relzow and in household systems in Japan. Examples of the cost structure for flat-roof, sloped-roof and façade-integrated PV systems in Western Europe are shown in Table 10. Costs vary according to the maturity of the local market and specific conditions. For example, installation costs are now relatively low in Germany due to the experience gained in the 100,000 Roofs Programme. Furthermore, system costs vary significantly depending whether the system is part of a retrofit or is integrated into a new building.

Generally speaking, costs are predicted to fall faster for low-head and supplemental plants due to the significant cost share and reduction potential of the electrical equipment in these systems. Costs of high-head plants will decrease less, mainly because in such plants the civil engineering costs – with smaller cost-reduction potential – represent about 60% of the total costs, compared to 50% for lowhead plants and 30% for supplemental plants. ● Market Opportunities Market Potential Potential SHP technical capacity worldwide is estimated at 150-200 GW.

However, small scale PV systems can be easily integrated into buildings, an advantage in comparison to other power plants. Prospects for Solar Photovoltaics ● Cost Reduction Opportunities Cost reduction has been a key issue for PV, as costs are still relatively high compared to other types of grid-connected electric technologies. But cost reductions of BIPV systems have been considerable and average costs have been reduced by a factor of 2 in each of the last two decades, as depicted in Figure 22.

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