By Tad Shull
Redefining crimson and eco-friendly explores the political concepts of 2 ecu ecology events, the socialist German Grunen and the appreciably democratic French Les Verts. The techniques characterize regular choices-and dilemmas-of innovative politics, with far-reaching implications. as soon as happy with their "anti-political" stance, the information of those former militant outsiders were built-in into mainstream political discourse. Now eco-friendly events are a well-known political strength of their respective international locations. during this booklet, Shull examines the complete variety of strategic offerings made through the events and probes the bounds and tradeoffs thinking about each one selection, and in any method for innovative reform. the expansion and transformation of the Grunen and Les Verts is of common value. Reader's sympathetic to the environmental move probably want to discover different paths the vegetables have taken in Europe. these enthusiastic about the way forward for the Left within the usa and Europe should be drawn to the discussion among ecologists and experts at the topic. students and scholars of social routine, events, or modern political idea will discover a clean comparability and an unique theoretical synthesis.
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Extra resources for Redefining red and green: ideology and strategy in European political ecology
Touraine, The Voice and The Eye, 82. 29. Touraine, Voice and the Eye, 85. 30. Habermas, Theory of Communicative Action, vol. 2, 393. 31. Cohen and Arato, Civil Society and Political Theory, 511; Offe "Stage Model," 240. 32. Cohen and Arato, Civil Society and Political Theory. 33. For a discussion of the similar dilemmas in the workers' movement regarding parliamentary participation at the turn of the century, cf. Rosa Luxembourg, "The Mass Strike, the Political Party, and the Trade Unions," Rosa Luxembourg Speaks, ed.
Westview, 1991). 5. Peter Katzenstein, Policy and Politics in West Germany: The Growth of a Semi-Sovereign State (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987). 6. 3 (1989): 26279; Carl Boggs, Social Movements and Political Power (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986); Steven Lewis and Serenella Sferza, "French Socialists between State and Society," The Mitterrand Experiment, eds. G. Ross, S. Hoffmann, and S. : Polity Press, 1987), 10014. 7. : Cambridge University Press, 1985); and Claus Offe and Helmut Wiesenthal, "Two Logics of Collective Action," in Offe, Disorganized Capitalism, ed.
When socialist parties can maximize both identity and efficacy, the ecologists' options narrow. They are not necessarily foreclosed, but the greens may need to stress identity that much more. That must be an identity that the opposing force has never fully addressed (such as the environmental movement itself, in the French context). Where socialist parties have tended to sacrifice identity for efficacy, the choices may be more open for the ecology party. It may be easier for the greens to claim outsider status in situations where socialists have long been inside the political system.