Political Survival of Small Parties in Europe by Jae-Jae Spoon

By Jae-Jae Spoon

''Engagingly written and applying a fruitful mixture of comparative learn equipment, this publication explains how and why small events, whereas they might not be fullyyt masters in their personal destiny, are greater than easily corks tossed at the ocean. It provides considerably to our figuring out, and merits to be broadly read.''
---Tim Bale, collage of Sussex, UK

''Spoon makes use of leading edge tools for analyzing the impression of eco-friendly celebration habit on their electoral fortunes, electoral presence, and visibility to the general public . . . This ebook makes an enormous contribution to the fields of area of interest occasion fortunes, occasion politics, and comparative politics in general.''
---Bonnie Meguid, college of Rochester

''Political Survival of Small events in Europe deals the infrequent deal with of a small-n comparability that engages with large political technological know-how problems with small social gathering aptitude, feat, and destiny. combined tools signifies that the intensity of information approximately person situations is balanced with a theoretical ambition. against this with many different methods, Spoon demonstrates the business enterprise of small events in adapting and utilizing the restrictions in their political and institutional environments.''
---Florence Faucher, Sciences Po---Centre d'études européennes, France

It is frequently proposal that small social gathering survival or failure is as a result of institutional constraints, the habit of huge events, and the alternatives of person politicians. Jae-Jae Spoon, by contrast, argues that the selections made by way of small events themselves be sure their skill to stability the twin targets of ultimate actual to their beliefs whereas maximizing their vote and seat stocks, thereby permitting them to outlive even in opposed electoral systems.

Spoon employs a mixed-methods procedure with the intention to discover the coverage, electoral, and conversation recommendations of West ecu eco-friendly events from 1980 to the current. She combines cross-national facts on those events with in-depth comparative case stories of 2 New Politics events, the French and British eco-friendly events, that experience survived in related national-level plurality electoral platforms. either one of those eco-friendly events have constructed as organisations and now run applicants in elections on the neighborhood, nationwide, and ecu degrees of their respective international locations. The events' survival, Spoon asserts, effects from their skill to stability their competing electoral, coverage, and conversation goals.

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We can think of this leader as an Aggregator, Hunter, or Predator (Laver 2005, 267). All of these leader types seek vote and seat maximization. The Aggregator sets policy at the mean position of all of the party’s supporters. The Hunter searches for support and follows a “win-stay, lose-shift” policy strategy. Finally, the Predator will not move her policy position if her party is the largest; however, if it is not, she will move toward the position of the largest party. The second type of party leader is a policy purist, following Wittman’s (1973, 1983) policy-driven expectations for leader motivations.

To maintain its ideological distinctiveness as a party and its future potential to win votes, the national party chose to run candidates on its own, with the exception of four districts, three of which were those of the incumbent Green MPs. The Greens’ electoral strategy in both 2002 and 2007 shows how the party is balancing its preferences within the constraints of the French system. In chapter 4, I explore the British Greens’ twofold strategy of targeting in national elections and focusing on local elections.

First, if the party cares only about policy implementation, then its leaders will be satis‹ed if a larger party subsumes the small party’s issues and ensures their eventual implementation. However, the large party may also co-opt the small party’s issue but then shift its position on it or minimize the potential change to the status quo, for example. Second, staying true to its pure ideological preferences, the party may have placed itself too far from potential voters—in essence, the same behavior as the second pure vote-seeking scenario.

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