By Miriam Kingsberg
Japan underwent 3 detailed crises of sovereignty in its sleek background: within the Nineties, throughout the interwar interval, and within the Fifties. every one concern provoked successively escalating crusades opposed to opium and different medicinal drugs, during which ethical entrepreneurs--bureaucrats, cultural manufacturers, retailers, legislation enforcement, scientists, and medical professionals, between others--focused on drug use as a method of distinguishing among populations healthy and undeserving for self-rule. Moral Nation strains the instrumental position of ideologies approximately narcotics within the country's efforts to reestablish its legitimacy as a state and empire.
As Kingsberg demonstrates, Japan's becoming prestige as an Asian energy and a "moral kingdom" improved the concept of "civilization" from an solely Western worth to a common one. students and scholars of eastern heritage, Asian reviews, international historical past, and worldwide experiences will achieve an in-depth realizing of the way Japan's adventure with narcotics inspired international criteria for sovereignty and shifted the purpose of country construction, making it now not a strictly political job but in addition an ethical legal responsibility to society.
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This trailblazing learn examines the background of narcotics in Japan to give an explanation for the improvement of worldwide standards for political legitimacy in international locations and empires within the 19th and 20th centuries. Japan underwent 3 unique crises of sovereignty in its sleek background: within the Nineties, through the interwar interval, and within the Fifties.
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Extra resources for Moral nation : modern Japan and narcotics in global history
60 In Taiwan, meanwhile, the Opium Law of 1897 regulated the sourcing and marketing of drugs. By 1901, the Office of the Governor-General had established a formal monopoly bureau to fully realize control over supply. The regime authorized approximately a thousand petty distributors, mostly local elites, to sell the drug on its behalf. This measure secured the support of many Taiwanese power holders for Japanese rule, thus helping to stabilize colonial control. To regulate consumption, the bureau issued permits to all Taiwanese smokers, redeemable at intervals for a fixed, theoretically falling, quantity of drugs.
70 The cure of raging tropical diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever, came to occupy many doctors. Meanwhile, the suppression of the Feiluan Jingbihui and institutionalization of “civilized” drug regulation helped to legitimize Japanese rule over Taiwan, obviating the moral crusade against opium. Moral entrepreneurs began to call attention to the resolution rather than the crisis of narcotics. 71 Accepting Japan’s progress against narcotics at face value, reformers in China and the West applauded and even sought to emulate imperial policy.
By the mid-1890s, all European colonial administrations in Southeast Asia, including the Dutch East Indies, French Indochina, Portuguese Macau, and British Hong Kong, Singapore, and Malaya, had brought the opium market under state control. Although Goto- moral crusade in meiji japan · 21 believed in creating institutions to suit local conditions rather than adopting metropolitan or Western models wholesale, he nonetheless hoped that, by implementing a policy ubiquitous among the European powers, Japan might demonstrate its ability to meet the norms of colonial rule.