By Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Andrea Volkens, Judith Bara, Ian Budge
This ebook offers estimates of social gathering positions, voter personal tastes and govt coverage from election programmes gathered systematically for fifty one international locations from 1990 onwards. It presents those estimates without delay for computing device use at the CD ROM supplied with it. the broadcast textual content offers documentation and indicates makes use of for the information.
Read Online or Download Mapping policy preferences II: estimates for parties, electors, and governments in Eastern Europe, European Union, and OECD 1990-2003 PDF
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Extra resources for Mapping policy preferences II: estimates for parties, electors, and governments in Eastern Europe, European Union, and OECD 1990-2003
The Social Democrats (LSP/LSDA) programmes, reﬂected an essentially left-wing position in 1995 but moved substantially towards the Centre in 1998. It should be noted that there are also many examples of ﬂash parties contesting only one election, some of which may be moderately successful in the short term, which cannot be shown on the map (Smith-Sivertsen 2004). The party family map for Latvia shows the same convergence between party tendencies. Latvia is both smaller in size and closer to Russia than Lithuania.
To take an extreme example, the Left-Right location of the Italian Christian Democrats in 1992 could be aﬀected by what the Finnish communists were saying in 1948. We avoid this by using simple percentage scores without weighting, which give the same position for an individual party regardless of what the others do. Their dependency on the data at a particular time point and interdependency of positioning seem weaknesses of other Left-Right scales based directly on factor analysis (Budge and Robertson 1987; Bartolini and Mair 1990).
Croatia projects a contrasting pattern over time where the parties’ policy positions start oﬀ from rather undiﬀerentiated points in 1990 and diﬀerentiate themselves quite sharply over the next two elections. Croatian nationalists have generally been regarded as very much on the Right, although this is not always reﬂected by the policy positions mapped below. However, these positions were taken up as conﬂict with Serbia passed into open war, besides Croatia’s involvement in a proxy war going on in Bosnia-Hercegovina.