In Praise of Doubt: How to Have Convictions Without Becoming by Peter Berger, Anton Zijderveld

By Peter Berger, Anton Zijderveld

Modernity was once purported to herald a rational secular international the place faith used to be marginalized. a few even estimated it is going to disappear. yet faith has not just survived—it is starting to be and thriving within the sleek global. Defying predictions, we are living this present day in a global of plurality the place assorted teams reside less than stipulations of civic peace and in social interplay. besides the fact that, this association isn't with out tensions. How can we deal with ethical matters, resembling abortion or homosexuality, while diverse teams have strongly held yet opposing viewpoints? and the way does tradition continue its concord while faced with the problem of an competitive fundamentalism?

The solution, in keeping with world-renowned sociologists Peter Berger and Anton Zijderveld, is doubt. now not the stupefying doubt of relativism the place we turn into incapable of any selection simply because we're crushed by means of thoughts, yet a virtuous use of doubt that enables us to maneuver ahead boldly with robust ethical convictions with out caving in to the fanatic's temptation of seeing everybody who disagrees with you because the enemy. How we as members and as a society can locate this perfect stability is the topic of this deceptively easy yet progressive work.

In compliment of Doubt takes the reader on an exhilarating whirlwind travel of the historical past of modernity, faith, the increase of psychology, Marxism, and the highbrow problem of relativism, the failure of totalitarianism, fundamentalism as a latest invention, and the startling end explaining why fact, even non secular fact, wishes doubt to outlive and thrive.

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The second trend is quite interesting and also farcical. There have been attempts among the upper castes to create pressure on the government through political mobilisation or otherwise to designate them as OBCs. The Jats of Rajasthan, Delhi and Haryana have been quite successful in getting themselves declared backward. In Punjab, the Ramgarhias have officially moved from the upper caste to the OBC status. The Gujjars of Rajasthan have been struggling to get the status of scheduled tribe for many years.

The Mahars of Maharashtra came into conflict with the upper castes when the changed circumstances affected by the British created aspirations among them. The most important aspect of their collective existential circumstances might have been the powerful belief in the martial tradition of the caste and their joining the British Indian army. Zelliot (1970) has lucidly examined the story of Mahars’ struggle for better status. Under the leadership of B. R. Ambedkar the Mahars organised forcible temple entry.

Xlviii Paramjit S. Judge Why are these castes doing this? The answer is obvious: Even if they are officially designated as OBCs, there will be no decline in their social status. In other words, their domination and position in the caste hierarchy is assured and it would not undergo any change. Reservation policy which should have been exclusively meant for the untouchables has been extended to other caste categories and at present there has emerged a strong case for the reservation policy for the Muslims, particularly after the Sachar Committee Report (Hasan 2009).

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