History and Revolution: Refuting Revisionism by Geoff Eley, Marc Ferro, Mike Haynes, Jim Wolfreys, Daniel

By Geoff Eley, Marc Ferro, Mike Haynes, Jim Wolfreys, Daniel Bensaïd

In History and Revolution, a bunch of revered historians confronts the conservative, revisionist tendencies in ancient enquiry which have been dominant within the final 20 years. starting from an exploration of the English, French, and Russian revolutions and their therapy through revisionist historiography, to the debates and subject matters coming up from makes an attempt to downplay revolution’s position in heritage, History and Revolution also engages with a number of sought after revisionist historians, together with Orlando Figes, Conrad Russell and Simon Schama.

This very important publication indicates the lack of revisionism to give an explanation for why thousands are moved to behave in defence of political factors, and why particular political currents emerge, and is an important reassertion of the idea that of revolution in human improvement.

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30 In terms o f legal-constitutionalism, Morrill argues that there was, in 1640, no desire to alter, but rather desires to conserve the ancient constitution. In Morrill’s words, there was ‘no will to new model the constitution, to reform it root and branch, let alone to create parliamentary sovereignty’. What drove the legal-constitutionalist critique o f royal govern­ ment was therefore not the ideal of parliamentary sovereignty, but the dislike of royal mismanagement by Charles I, who they considered to be an inept monarch.

The established merchant oligarchy was politically dependent upon the Crown for the privileges that it enjoyed, in the form o f patents and monopolies, in order to retain the exclusiveness o f its trade. In return for the granting o f these trading privileges, the Crown would have access to customs duties and other forms of import tariffs in order to offset its own fiscal crisis. In response to this mercantile exclusiveness, upwardly mobile artisans and tradesmen who sought access to the riches that could be earned through trade had to find new ways into the trading business.

If neither the social conflict between antagonistic classes nor the constitutional conflict between Crown and Parliament could account for the Civil War, then its causes needed to be found elsewhere. Those revisionists who still believed that the examination of causes was a worthy endeavour began to focus their attention on the incompetence o f Charles I and the dissolution caused by the Scottish and Irish Rebellions. Thus, the dynamic of the Revolution was either invested in the actions of individuals, or in the causal effect o f exogenous forces such as war.

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