Factors Determining Energy Costs and an Introduction to the by Watt Commitee

By Watt Commitee

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The variety of coal liquefaction processed indicated above gives rise to a wide range of production costs which are also heavily dependent on plant location and coal source. The cheapest coal syncrude, 835±850 per barrel, is considered to be that produced in the USA from indigenous coal, whereas the cost rises to $45±$65 per barrel for NW Europe production from imported coal. According to Shell (1979), US coal is valued at $3 to $5 per barrel oil equivalent, and can be imported to NW Europe at 88 to 810 compared with the cost of indigenous NW Europe coal at $10±$15 (all figures per barrel oil equivalent).

This capital cost ($30,000 per daily barrel of oil equivalent) is significantly less than the $40,000±$55,000 per daily barrel given in Table 8. Vick to the National Research Council Planning Conference on Synthetic Fuels, Washington DC, October 1979), a more optimistic but still cautious time basis is given. º These lead times agree in general with those given in Table 8. c) Pyrolysis. In this process, coal is thermally decomposed in the absence of air, resulting in the formation of gaseous and liquid products and a char residue.

G. by gasifying the char. The variety of coal liquefaction processed indicated above gives rise to a wide range of production costs which are also heavily dependent on plant location and coal source. The cheapest coal syncrude, 835±850 per barrel, is considered to be that produced in the USA from indigenous coal, whereas the cost rises to $45±$65 per barrel for NW Europe production from imported coal. According to Shell (1979), US coal is valued at $3 to $5 per barrel oil equivalent, and can be imported to NW Europe at 88 to 810 compared with the cost of indigenous NW Europe coal at $10±$15 (all figures per barrel oil equivalent).

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