Evolutionary Medicine by Wenda R. Trevathan, E. O. Smith, James McKenna

By Wenda R. Trevathan, E. O. Smith, James McKenna

Evolution is the only most crucial concept in glossy biology, laying off mild on almost each organic query, from the form of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species around the planet. till lately, besides the fact that, the speculation has had little influence on clinical learn or perform. Evolutionary drugs exhibits how this can be starting to swap. accumulating paintings from leaders within the box, this quantity describes an array of latest and cutting edge methods to human well-being which are in keeping with an appreciation of our lengthy evolutionary background. for instance, it indicates how evolution is helping to provide an explanation for the advanced dating among our immune platforms and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. It additionally indicates how comparisons among how we are living this present day and the way our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived hundreds of thousands of years in the past remove darkness from a number of modern ills, together with weight problems, lower-back discomfort, and insomnia. Evolutionary drugs covers matters at each degree of existence, from infancy (colic, jaundice, SIDS, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, bronchial asthma) to maturity (sexually transmitted illnesses, melancholy, overeating, addictions, baby abuse, heart problems, breast and ovarian melanoma) to outdated age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). Written for a variety of scholars and researchers in drugs, anthropology, and psychology, it truly is a useful consultant to this speedily constructing box.

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There have been fewer studies of cry quality in infants with colic. , 1992; Zeskind & Barr, 1997). Thus, despite the impression that there is something distinctly different about the behavior of infants with colic in the clinical setting, it is more likely that they do what otherwise normal infants do, but more so because they cry for longer periods of time. , 1988). It is presumed that the organism's predispositions to act were matched (or "co-adapted") to expectable environments in which it evolved, but that this reciprocal organism-environment concordance was strained by relatively rapid changes in social, physical, and/or psychological settings.

And Stevenson, D. K. (1992) In vivo role of bilirubin in neonatal antioxidant defenses. Pediatric Research 31: 200A. Drew J. , and Kitchen, W. H. (1976) Jaundice in infants of Greek parentage: The unknown factor may be environmental. Journal of Pediatrics 892:248-52. Eggert, L. , Pollary, R. , Folland, D. , and Jung, A. L. (1985) Home phototherapy treatment of neonatal jaundice. Pediatrics 76:579-584. Fischer, A. , Vreman, H. , and Stevenson, D. K. (1988) Comparison of bilirubin production in Japanese and Cauca- 21 22 EVOLUTIONARY MEDICINE sian infants.

Berkeley: University of California Press. Broderson, R. (1977) Prevention of kernicterus based on recent progress in bilirubin chemistry. Ada Paediatrica Scandinavica 66:625-634. Broderson, R. (1978) Free bilirubin in blood plasma of the newborn: Effects of albumin, fatty acids, pH, displacing drugs, and phototherapy. In Intensive Care in the Newborn, II. L. Stern, W. Oh, and B. Friis-Hansen, eds. New York: Masson Publishing, pp. 331-345. , and Sparre Hermann, L. (1963) Intestinal reabsorption of unconjugated bilirubin: A possible con- IS NEONATAL JAUNDICE A DISEASE OR AN ADAPTIVE PROCESS?

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