By Maxine N. Lurie, Visit Amazon's Marc Mappen Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Marc Mappen, , Michael Siegel
The Encyclopedia of recent Jersey is the main large reference paintings ever released at the backyard country. The Encyclopedia includes approximately 3,000 unique articles, in addition to 585 illustrations and one hundred thirty maps, gathering a wealth of data in regards to the kingdom in a single quantity. The Encyclopedia is stuffed with interesting and engaging entries starting from New Jersey's earliest historical past to the current. For example-Did you recognize that New Jersey used to be divided into parts-East Jersey and West Jersey? That streptomycin was once first remoted at Rutgers college? Or that the 1st vote solid by way of an African American below the 15th modification used to be in Perth Amboy? How approximately that New Jersey was once the positioning of the 1st intercollegiate soccer online game? those evidence, and hundreds of thousands extra, are available within the pages of the Encyclopedia of latest Jersey. This quantity will give you the solutions to questions on New Jersey that you simply by no means even knew you had! even if you're in basic terms perusing the pages or are discovering a specific topic, the Encyclopedia of recent Jersey is your definitive resource for info at the backyard country, masking a extensive variety of topic parts, together with: * structure, ornamental arts, portray, and sculpture * Biographies * company and economics * Communications and media * schooling * Ethnicity * Folklore, museums, and theater * Geography * heritage * govt, legislations, politics, and public coverage * Literature * drugs and well-being * Municipalities and counties * activity and activities * faith * technological know-how and know-how * Transportation * and plenty of extra matters
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For African Americans, New Jersey has been at various times a place of oppression and a place of sanctuary. Although the state did not fully abolish slavery until after the Civil War, free blacks had established their own communities in the early s, and runaway slaves found a highway to freedom through New Jersey’s Underground Railroad routes. The duality of the black experience in New Jersey continued into the twentieth century as well. New Jersey, like other northern states, provided opportunity to the descendants of southern slaves looking for more economic security, wider participation in politics, and greater personal freedom than possible in the legally segregated South.
Some blacks became skilled artisans and entrepreneurs after obtaining their freedom. In West Jersey, where members of the Quaker religion encouraged manumission, a free black population began to emerge. In Burlington County, for example, two former slaves operated successful businesses: Cyrus Bustill opened a bakery and Caesar Murray ran a shoemaking shop. Although slaves in New Jersey may have worked in more varied occupations and perhaps had a greater chance for manumission than their southern counterparts, the reality is that most blacks in the colony endured an oppressive bondage maintained by regulation and violence.
The war also brought new construction of several large airports in New Jersey as part of the buildup in national defense. On the eve of the war, the Civil Aeronautical Authority began to construct hundreds of new airports throughout the country. They were built as civilian airports, but designed to be quickly converted for military use, should they be needed. ’’ New airports were also constructed at Pomona, Atlantic County (Atlantic City), and Rio Grande, Cape May County (Wildwood). All three of these massive airports were subsequently taken over by the military and used as flight training bases.