Enabling Ocean Research in the 21st Century: Implementation by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee on the Implementation of a Seafloor Observatory Network for Oceanographic Research

As the significance of the oceans to society grows, so does the necessity to comprehend their edition on many temporal and spatial scales. This have to comprehend ocean switch is compelling scientists to maneuver past conventional expeditionary modes of research. watching platforms will allow the learn of methods within the ocean basins over various timescales and spatial scales, supplying the medical foundation for addressing very important societal matters similar to weather swap, common risks, and the healthiness and viability of dwelling and non-living assets alongside our coasts and within the open ocean.

The ebook evaluates the medical and technical readiness to maneuver forward with the institution of a research-driven ocean observatory community, and highlights striking concerns. those matters comprise the prestige of making plans and improvement, components that impact the timing of building and set up, the price and necessities for upkeep and operations, wishes for sensor improvement and information administration, the influence on availability of ships and deep submergence amenities, and the position of research-based observatories inside of nationwide and overseas operational ocean watching platforms being built and implemented.

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Extra info for Enabling Ocean Research in the 21st Century: Implementation of a Network of Ocean Observatories

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The OOI is an outgrowth of community-wide scientific planning efforts, both national and international, and builds upon recent technological advances, experience with existing observatories, and several successful pilot projects. US, 2002b). S. contribution to the international Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS). The observatory network proposed under the OOI will provide cutting-edge capabilities to the IOOS and the research community. These observatory sites will complement other elements of the IOOS, such as the Argo profiling floats, and will expand the area of the ocean and seafloor beyond that now accessible through existing time-series sampling methods, such as the moorings used in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-funded Tropical-Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) array (Appendix D).

Developed as part of the 10-year international Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program (198594), the TAO array enabled improved detection, understanding, and prediction of El Niño events and provided essential data to further understanding of the El Niño Southern Oscillation. Other upper-ocean and air-sea interaction observatory sites that have been established and maintained in recent years include the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Station (BATS), the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program, and the European Station for Time-series in the Canary Islands (ESTOC) (Appendix D).

The principal limitation is power, not bandwidth. • Experience with HUGO and H2O has indicated that engineering instrumentation should be installed on observatory nodes to provide key feedback on infrastructure performance and design and to evaluate instrument performance. • Experience at HUGO, H2O, and FRF emphasizes the importance of knowing seafloor properties and, in some settings of armoring or burying of cables. HUGO failed six months after it was emplaced because of mechanical wear to unarmored cable lying on the rough volcanic terrain of Loihi submarine volcano.

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