Early Seljūq History: A New Interpretation by A.C.S. Peacock

By A.C.S. Peacock

This ebook investigates the early historical past of the Seljuq Turks, founders of 1 of crucial empires of the mediaeval Islamic international, from their origins within the Eurasian steppe to their conquest of Iran, Iraq and Anatolia. the 1st paintings on hand in a western language in this very important episode in Turkish and Islamic historical past, this booklet bargains a brand new realizing of the emergence of this significant nomadic empire

Focusing on probably an important and least understood section, the transformation of the Seljuqs from tribesmen in valuable Asia to rulers of an exceptional Muslim Empire, the writer examines formerly ignored resources to illustrate the important position of tribalism within the evolution in their kingdom. The publication additionally seeks to appreciate the effect of the invasions at the settled peoples of the center East and the beginnings of Turkish payment within the zone, which was once to remodel it demographically eternally. Arguing that the nomadic, steppe origins of the Seljuqs have been of a lot higher value in picking out the early improvement of the empire than is mostly believed, this publication sheds new gentle at the arrival of the Turks within the Islamic world.

A major contribution to our knowing of the historical past of the center East, this ebook could be of curiosity to students of Byzantium in addition to Islamic background, in addition to Islamic reports and anthropology.

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Thus, rather than attempting to present an initial objective account of Turkey’s place in the international system, I believe it is much more fruitful to boldly move on to investigate how those in charge of Turkey perceive their country’s international standing and the state of affairs in the world in general. This means, simply, that the relevant context is not pregiven by the scholar but invoked by those whose thoughts and actions one is analyzing. In other words, I must be able to give an account of the international system that I believe Turkey is part of, but that can only take place afterward—that is, it must be invoked by those actors whose thoughts and actions I am studying.

However, the number and nature of the “positions” and “statuses” offered by the international system at any given time is not indefinite but more or less limited and historically changing. At any given time, there is only a limited number of “positions” available, which means that a state cannot just freely choose (or create) a status that seems to fit the state’s socalled interests. But depending on the nature of the system, there is usually more than one option available. According to the constructivist perspective, the interests of states are shaped by their identities, while state identities (and therefore interests) themselves are subject to change in the process of interaction.

To highlight this, we can initially observe here that the politics of Introduction 19 identity in this context refer to a “particular set of ideas about political community that policy-makers draw on to mobilise a sense of cohesion and solidarity in order to legitimate the general thrust of foreign policy” (Aggestam 2004, 84). Within the current international order, it is still very much the case that, first, the nation is seen as the source of sovereignty on which the state is founded, and, second, that in foreign policy this principle means that a foreign-policy maker should promote the identity, independence, and influence of the nation-state (Aggestam 2004).

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