Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts by Charles Issawi

By Charles Issawi

Charles Issawi's number of essays, Cross-Cultural Encounters and Conflicts, has been written within the trust examine of the earlier encounters and conflicts among the world's significant cultures can make clear their nature and significance. notwithstanding the emphasis is at the heart East, of which Issawi is one in every of our prime students, the topics coated right here variety in scope from the nice old civilizations to Shelley's ardour for the center East, from the disasters of the Greeks as empire developers to the preeminence of English as a world language at the present time. different essays study both the way convinced cultures have been shaped, or the consequences of the direct regulate of 1 tradition over one other, or cross-cultural perceptions, so much particularly the dramatic switch within the Western conception of the Orient among the eighteenth and 19th centuries.

In this age of multiculturalism, conflicts among the world's cultures became a dominant function of the overseas panorama. this wonderful assortment is a much-needed exploration in their historic nature.

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May have been 15 to 20 million, and the Ottoman population at the end of the sixteenth century may, with some confidence, be set at 30 to 35 million. The populations of the Portuguese and Spanish empires were smaller: as late as 1750, the total number of inhabitants of South and Central America was only 16 million and, in 1800, 24 million. The Dutch Empire had a comparable population until the upsurge of the nineteenth century. The Austro-Hungarian Empire had some 50 million inhabitants at the outbreak of World War.

Peters, op. , p. 548. 9. , p. 291. 10. It is worth noting that Ernest Renan draws a parallelism between the way in which Herod and Ismail pasha introduced Hellenism and Europeanism into their respective countries. See Histoire du Peuple d'Israel, Oeuvres Completes, vol. 6, pp. 1, 420. I owe this reference to Dr. Henry Laurens, of the Sorbonne. 11. See Charles Issawi, An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa (New York, 1982). 12. That acute student, and eminent practitioner, of imperialism, Lord Cromer, was keenly aware of the revulsion of Muslims at many aspects of Western civilization and their increased conviction of the superiority of Islam.

Earl of Cromer [Evelyn Baring], Ancient and Modern Imperialism (New York, 1910). 16. , 93. 17. As quoted in Bernal Diaz (trans. J. M. Cohen), The Conquest of New Spain (Harmondsworth, 1963), 159 (I owe this reference to John Elliott). 18. Jean-Claude Vatin,L'Algerie politique: histoire et societe (Paris, 1983), 26. 19. Virgil (trans. Edward Taylor), Aeneid (London, 1940), Bk. 6, st. 114 (orig. Bk. 6, 2, 852-53). 20. Cromer, Ancient and Modern Imperialism, 19-71. 21. See Marshall Hodgson, The Venture of Islam (Chicago, 1974), 2, 14-17, 257-59; Lawrence Browne, The Eclipse of Christianity in Asia (New York, 1966; orig.

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