By John S.
From the e-book - Preface:
This handbook has been compiled to supply time frames, exertions crews and gear spreads to help the estimator in capsulizing an estimate for the deploy of cross-country pipelines, marshland pipelines, nearshore and surf sector pipelines, submerged pipelines, wharfs, jetties, dock amenities, single-point morring terminals, offshore drilling and creation systems and gear and appurtenances put in thereon.
The time frames and exertions and kit spreads which look all through this handbook are the results of many time and procedure experiences carried out lower than diverse stipulations and at destinations in the course of the international; those time frames and hard work and kit spreads mirror an entire, independent view of all operations concerned.
When one is engaged in compiling an estimate from any details offered by means of others, as is the case with this guide, he should still view it in an aim gentle, giving due attention to the character of the undertaking handy and comparing all goods which may impact the productiveness of work and all different parts concerned.
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Extra resources for Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures
Increasing filter efficiency is one of the few measures that can be implemented in advance to reduce the consequences of both an interior and exterior release of a particulate chemical, biological or radiological agent. However, NIOSH warns, the decision to increase efficiency should be made cautiously, with a careful understanding of the protective limitations resulting from the upgrade. The filtration needs of a building should be assessed with a view to implementing the highest filtration efficiency that is compatible with the installed HVAC system and its required operating parameters.
In some situations, the existing system may be adequate. In other situations, major changes or improvements may be warranted. In most buildings, mechanical filtration systems for aerosol removal are more common than sorbents for gas and vapor removal. 2). Selection of the most appropriate sorbents for gaseous contaminants is more complex. To optimize effectiveness, air infiltration should be minimized and filter bypass should be eliminated. Maintenance plans and operations should ensure that the system functions as intended for long periods.
How clean does the air need to be for the occupants, and how much can be spent to achieve that desired level of air cleanliness? What The Role of HVAC in a Chemical, Biological, or Radiological Attack 43 are the total costs and benefits associated with the various levels of filtration? ), and what is needed? What are the minimum airflow needs for the building? • Who will maintain these systems and what are the capabilities of this person(s)? It is important to recognize that improving building protection is not an all or nothing proposition.