By Mustafa Bilgin
'Britain and Turkey within the heart East' is the 1st ebook to appreciate the improvement of the chilly struggle within the center East via exploring the Turkish case and is essential to greedy the character of Western procedure more often than not and British and Turkish approach specifically in this interval. within the first paintings documenting Anglo-Turkish kinfolk within the center East within the early chilly battle interval, Mustafa Bilgin identifies very specific levels within the dating among Britain and Turkey. earlier than 1952 Turkey relied seriously on Britain to guard it from the 'Soviet menace'. In go back for Britain's help, Turkey acted as a decent dealer in Britain's more and more tough family members with key center jap states reminiscent of Egypt, Iran and Iraq. although, Turkey's realisation that it might no longer depend on Britain, inspired through Britain's blockading of Turkish club of NATO in 1952, ended in a brand new alliance among Turkey and the U.S..
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Extra info for Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era
32 In search of a local ally to combat these dangers, Great Britain turned to the Grand Sherif of Mecca, Hussein, who had long been known to desire independence for the Meccan Sherifate. 33 In the summer of 1915 Hussein opened negotiations with Britain and in June 1916 he raised a revolt, with British aid, against the Turks. 34 After the revolt, Ahmet Cemal Pasha made many attempts to compromise with Hussein and continued to do so until the end of the conflict. In his letter to Hussein on 13 November 1917, he urged the necessity of religious union to oppose British advances in Palestine and affirmed that the Arabs could now attain their national aims through the good will of Turkey.
52 Although Curzon did not totally reject the idea that the Turks had to keep sovereignty over the Turkish populated areas, Lloyd George maintained that the Greeks should be pleased to have allocated to them the western parts of the Turkish territories. 53 This was the general policy which Britain followed until 19 October 1922, when the Lloyd George Cabinet resigned owing to opposition criticism of his pro-Greek policy, which collapsed with the defeat of the Greek Armies by the Turks in the summer of 1922.
The British inability to provide proper military assistance and the differences of approach towards the USSR made the pact strategically inoperative. Another reason was President’s ùnönü’s per- THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO 1945 41 sonal hesitation to embroil Turkey in the war. From other aspects however the Alliance was beneficial to both countries as it provided a framework for Anglo-Turkish diplomatic and political cooperation. The question of Turkey’s neutrality was one of the crucial issues on the Allies’ agenda during the Second World War.