Architecture of France by David A. Hanser

By David A. Hanser

Overlaying all areas of France, from Avignons Palace of the Popes to Versailles Petit Trianon, and all classes of French structure, from the Roman theater at Orange to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, this quantity examines greater than 60 of Frances most crucial architectural landmarks. Writing in a transparent and fascinating type, David Hanser, professor of structure at Oklahoma kingdom collage, describes the good points, features, and historic value of every constitution. along with picking place, type, architects, and sessions of preliminary development and significant protection, the cross-referenced and illustrated entries additionally spotlight architectural and ancient phrases defined within the word list and finish with an invaluable directory of additional readings.
The quantity additionally deals ready-reference lists of entries through situation, architectural sort, and period of time, in addition to a common bibliography, an issue index, and a close introductory evaluation of French structure. Entries disguise significant architectural buildings in addition to smaller websites, together with every little thing from the Cathedral of Notre Dame to Metro (subway) stations. themes contain: BLAigues-Mortes BLArc de Triomphe BLBasilica of the Sacre Coeur BLChartres Cathedral BLEiffel Tower BLFontainbleau BLLouvre and Tuileries Gardens BLMadeleine BLMont St. Michel BLNimes Amphitheater BLParis Opera (Palais Garnier) BLPompidou middle BLReims Cathedral BLVersailles BLVilla Savoye excellent for school and highschool scholars alike, this complete examine the structure of France is an indispensible addition to any shelf.

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16 rab World Institute A n e t after the Revolution Although the chateau was remodeled somewhat at the end of the eighteenth century, it remained essentially intact until 1794, immediately after the end of the Revolution, when the furnishings were dispersed. A large part of the chateau was demolished in the years from 1804 to 1811, Alexandre Lenoir saving the frontispiece of the corps de logis and taking it to Paris. W h e n the right wing was demolished, the chapel, which had been built into it, was left without a facade; that was added in 1840 by Augustin-Nicolas Caristie.

Etienne's facade have any decoration, and that is minimal: There are no moldings or decorations around the doors, which are cut cleanly into the surface; there are no statues anywhere on the facade; and there is no rose window. Four thick, broad buttress walls that lie flat against the surface of the lower facade block and project upwards its entire height are the only things that break up the facade. They subdivide it into three bays with two rows of round-arched windows in each bay: three windows in each row of the central bay and one in each row of the side bays.

A half hour's walk toward it from the Place de la Concorde scarcely seems to bring one much closer. This illusion results from the arch's elegant simplicity. Its mass is not broken down by the multitude of moldings, openings, or decorations that allow one to understand the size of most buildings; everything about it is big. It is about the height of a typical fifteen-story building (162 feet from the ground to the top of the guard railing) and almost exactly as wide as it is tall. The arched opening in the center is itself almost ten stories (100 feet) high.

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