A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in by Jane Hathaway

By Jane Hathaway

This revisionist examine reevaluates the origins and beginning myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society through the 17th and eighteenth centuries, while Egypt was once the biggest province within the Ottoman Empire. In solution to the long-lasting secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway locations their emergence in the generalized quandary that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered through the early glossy interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that used to be severe to their formation. furthermore, she scrutinizes the factions’ origin myths, deconstructing their tropes and emblems to bare their connections to a lot older renowned narratives. Drawing on parallels from a big selection of cultures, she demonstrates with outstanding originality how rituals resembling storytelling and public processions, in addition to picking out colours and symbols, might serve to augment factional identification.

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Additional resources for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen

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How or whether the Blues and Greens in the conquered eastern Byzantine provinces were 32 A Tale of Two Factions incorporated into the fledgling Muslim society has yet to be investigated. E. 30 Of more profound consequence among the Arabs themselves was the pervasive and still inadequately understood enmity between northern, or Qaysi, and southern, or Yemeni, Arabs. Ultimately, this division is rooted in geography. Qaysi Arabs were those living in the region extending from the northernmost borders of Yemen to the deserts of what are now Jordan, southern Syria, and southwestern Iraq.

When they became] Faqari-Sa˜d and Qasimi-Haram. The Faqari loves protégés [jiråqåt, Arabicized plural of Turkish çırak, “apprentice”], and the Qasimi loves building. 2 (2b) Anonymous, Kitåb al-durra al-munƒåna f¥ waq奘 [sic] al-Kinåna (The Book of the Precious Pearl: Events in Egypt [land of the Kinana tribe]): The people of Egypt, beys, aghas, and the seven regiments, were two factions (farqatayn): White Flag from the Yemeni Tubba˜ and Red Flag from Kulayb brother of al-Zir, Sa˜d and Haram, Faqari and Qasimi.

These mamluks, whose paramount loyalty was to the patron who had nurtured them, formed the basis of the emir’s faction. With the support of his faction, the emir might attain the sultanate. In that event, his faction attempted to protect his interests from the mamluks of his predecessor, who formed a separate faction. 1 In this fashion, the sultan could keep his potential rivals at a reasonably comfortable distance, although he could not prevent them from building up their own power bases in the provinces.

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